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Chronology of Major Events 2009 - Page 8

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Chronology of Major Events 2009
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18 February: India’s Foreign Secretary Shiv Shankar Menon said that India had no problems with Nepal’s growing relationship with China. He reiterated that India wanted stability, peace and democracy in Nepal.

3 May: Nepal’s Prime Minister Prachanda dismissed Chief of Army Staff General Rookmangud Katawal, on charges of disobeying orders, sparking off a crisis which threatened to derail the fragile peace process in Nepal.

4 May: Nepal’s Prime Minister Prachanda resigned as Army Chief was asked to stay by Nepal’s President Ram Baran Yadav. The President said that the Army Chief’s dismissal did not “meet the constitutional requirements and due process.”

23 May:Senior leader of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist) Madhav Kumar Nepal became the second Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal unopposed.

22 June:Shiv Shankar Menon concluded his two-day visit on 20-21 June to Nepal by saying that India was committed to assist Nepal in its transition to multi-party democracy.

19 August:During his five-day visit to India (18-22 August), Nepal’s Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal met the Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who re-offered and reaffirmed India’s assistance in drafting a new Constitution of Nepal.

9 September: GeneralChhatra Man Singh Gurung was appointed as Nepal’s new army chief. He became the first person from Nepal’s indigenous tribes to assume the post.

19 October: Nepal’s Maoist chief Prachanda said that his week-long visit to China from 11-17 October was important in improving relations between the two countries. He said that Chinese leaders advised his party to continue in the political mainstream and not wage another war against the government.

27 October: India and Nepal signed a ‘historic’ new treaty, ‘India-Nepal treaty of Trade and Agreement of Cooperation to Control Unauthorized Trade’, to control unauthorized trade across the border and redefine their trade and commercial relations, putting an end to uncertainty over the issue.

9 November:An agreement was reached between Nepal and China to start flights on the Katmandu-Lhasa route in 2010, making Nepal the first country to operate flights to Lhasa.

11 December:The Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoists (UCPN-M) unilaterally declared two new autonomous provinces – Kochila in the east and Limbuwan in the West – without waiting for a consensus on the model of federalism that Nepal would adopt.

26 December: Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal set off on a six-day visit to China claiming ‘it would strengthen the bilateral ties’ between Nepal and China.


6 January: Sheikh Hasina, leader of the Awami League-led 14-party grand alliance was sworn in as the 12th Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

9 February: India’s External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, on a day-long visit to Bangladesh, met Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina who proposed the formation of South Asian task force to combat terrorism, in the interest of maintaining greater security for all countries in the region. Two agreements – on bilateral trade and investment promotion and protection – were also signed.

11 February: Awami League loyalist Zillur Rahman was elected unopposed as the President of Bangladesh.

18 February:Bangladesh’s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Hasan Mahmud told CNN-IBN in Dhaka that Bangladesh agreed to extradite Anup Chetia, founder of United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), who was lodged in a Bangladeshi jail since 1996 to India.

28 February: At least 76 people, including several army officers, were killed in a dramatic mutiny over pay hike launched byBorder Guards Bangladesh (BGB) on 25 February. The mutiny ended on 26 February.

24 March: India and Bangladesh renewed the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Travel for two more years.

3 May: Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty handed over a list of Indian criminals and terrorists hiding in Bangladesh and asked Dhaka to step up security along the border in the wake of the ongoing general elections.

10 September: During the visit of Bangladesh’s Foreign Minister Dipu Moni to India, the two countries announced that they would conclude three agreements, including one for mutual legal assistance on criminal matters, and work on issues of river water sharing, connectivity, trade and energy.

8 October: Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Dipu Moni informed India and Myanmar of its decision to go to the United Nations for a resolution of its long-standing dispute with these two countries over maritime boundary. The decision followed unsuccessful negotiations among the three countries over the past 35 years.

15 November: Bangladesh set up six special courts to try the suspected rebellious soldiers for the bloody mutiny by the paramilitary BGB that led to the massacre of at least 76 people, including several army officers in February.

19 November: Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was chosen for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development.

2 December: The 10th round of Indo-Bangladesh Home Secretary-level talks (30 November-2 December) concluded in New Delhi with finalization of agreements on mutual legal assistance on criminal matters, transfer of sentenced persons,combating international terrorism, organized crime and illegal drug trafficking.

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