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Chronology of Major Events 2009 - Page 10

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Major Global Developments

31 March: The World Bank announced a $50 billion programme to counter a decline in global trade.

2 April: Leaders of the world’s largest economies at the G20 summit in London agreed to a $1.1 trillion deal to combat the worst economic downturn and boost global growth.

16 June:At the first-ever summit of BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries at Yekaterinburg in Russia, the members unveiled a collective agenda ranging from food security and financial reform to the creation of a ‘more diversified international monetary system’ and a ‘more democratic and just multipolar world order’.

9 July:At their first ever joint declaration at L’Aquila in Italy, leaders of the G-8 and the G-5 countries called for an ‘ambitious and balanced conclusion’ to the Doha Development Round of trade talks in 2010. It expressed the joint commitment of the G8 and G5 to ‘facilitating the development, dissemination and mutually agreed transfer of clean, low-carbon technologies, reducing carbon emissions and increasing energy efficiency’.

15 July:At the 15th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit at Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh called the NAM a ‘moral force’ for the equitable transformation of a world and said that the 118-nation grouping must ensure the steps planned to revive the global economy take into account the developing world’s concerns.

14 September: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) formally appointed Yukiya Amano of Japan as its new director-general from 1 December, succeeding Mohammed ElBaradei.

24 September: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously approved a US drafted resolution asking all non-NPT nations to sign the treaty. Russia, China and developing nations supported the resolution. India refused to abide by it by saying that it cannot accept the ‘externally prescribed norms or standards’ on issues that were contrary to its national interests or infringed on its sovereignty.

15 October:UN General Assembly elected five countries – Nigeria, Brazil, Bosnia, Lebanon, and Gabon – to serve two-year terms on the UNSC.


Major Regional Developments

East Asia

30 January: Accusing South Korea of hostile intent,North Korea announced scrapping of all political and military agreements with South Korea that pertained to putting an end to confrontation between the two countries. 

5 April:North Korea fired a long-range rocket,Taepodong-2,provoking international outrage. North Korea claimed that the satellite was launched into orbit and circled the earth, while the US and South Korea said that it had failed to enter orbit.

14 April: North Korea announced that it would quit the six-nation nuclear disarmament talks and restart its atomic weapons programme as protest against the UN’s condemnation of its rocket launch. 

25 April: North Korea announced the reactivation of its reprocessing plant at the Yongbyon nuclear complex.

25 May: The state-run Korean Central News Agency of North Korea said that Pyongyang successfully conducted one more underground nuclear test as part of the measures to bolster up its nuclear deterrent for self-defence.

4 July: North Korea fired seven short-range ballistic missiles with a range of upto 500 km off its eastern coast defying a number of sanctions imposed by the United Nations.

7 August:After three years of negotiations, India and South Korea at Seoul signed a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement that commits the two countries to abolish or cut tariffs for 90 percent of Indian goods and 85 percent of South Korean products in terms of value by 2019.

Latest Publications

India's National Security
Annual Review 2018
Edited by Satish Kumar

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