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Chronology Of Major Events 2001

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Chronology Of Major Events 2001
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Chronology of Major Events 2001

United States

Strategic Profile

10 February:The Bush administration has further tightened the screws on the Taliban by asking it to close its liaison office in New York and announcing that it is reviewing the visa status of its Representative, Mr. Abdul Hakeem Mujahid.

17 February:Pointing out that the air strikes over the no-fly zone in Iraq late on 16 February were ``routine'', the U.S. President, Mr. George W.Bush, on 17 February warned the Iraqi President, Mr. Saddam Hussein, that the U.S. will “watch very carefully as to whether or not he develops weapons of mass destruction and if we catch him doing so, we'll take appropriate action.”

24 February:The leaders of the U.S. and Britain have said that while sanctions against Iraq might warrant a review, there is also the determination to keep the Iraqi President, Mr. Saddam Hussein, in check. The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, and the visiting British Prime Minister, Mr. Tony Blair, met face-to-face for the first time at Camp David.

27 February:A special U.S. envoy handed over a letter of personal apology from the President, Mr. George W. Bush, to Mr. Yoshiro Mori, the Prime Minister of Japan, for the 10 February submarine accident off Hawaii.

15 March:Russia has offered fresh assurances to the United States over supply of arms to Iran; and Washington has made it known once again that Moscow would have to be careful not to spread dangerous technology around the world. The views of the Bush administration were made known to the Russian President's envoy, Mr. Sergei Ivanov, on 14 March when he met the Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell.

20 March:The United States and Japan went through an expected range of issues as the President, Mr. George W Bush, and the Japanese Prime Minister, Mr. Yoshiro Mori, reiterated in a Joint Statement from Washington that the bilateral friendship ``is rooted in friendship, mutual trust and shared democratic values.''

22 March:The U.S. and Russia may just be getting ready for a major diplomatic tussle following reports that the Bush Administration has already asked or is on the verge of asking some 50 Russian diplomats to leave the country. On 21 March, the U.S. had declared six Russian officials as persona non grata and asked them to leave the country.

23 March:The U.S. President, Mr. George W Bush, and the visiting Chinese Vice-Premier, Mr. Qian Qichen, have declared that while there are sharp differences between the two countries on various issues, they will continue the dialogue. Mr. Bush told the highest-ranking Chinese official he has met thus far that differences could be overcome if the two nations approached them with ``mutual respect''.

28 March:The Bush administration has said it is not interested in implementing the Kyoto Treaty and has gone to the extent of saying that as far as it is concerned, the Protocol is dead.

30 March:The U.S. has barred the Fiji coup leader, Mr. George Speight, and several of his followers from entering the country.

11 April:After a 11-day standoff, the United States and China reached a deal paving the way for the release of the 24 crew members of an EP-3E Aries II Navy surveillance plane.

21 April:Brushing aside objections from China, the Bush Administration granted a visa to the former President of Taiwan, Mr. Lee Teng- hui, to visit the U.S., and Washington has made it known that there are no restrictions placed on the visa.

30 April:The United States unambiguously condemned Pakistan for its role in global terrorism via the Taliban and in South Asia through continued support for militant and terrorist groups active in Kashmir. This was done in the anuual report of the State Department on “Patterns of Global Terrorism Report.”

1 May:The U.S. President, Mr. George W Bush, sparked scepticism in many quarters, especially in his own country by his speech at the National Defence University in which he announced his decision to go ahead with the National Missile Defence plan.

5 May:The U.S. Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, in a meeting with the Sri Lankan Foreign Minister, Mr. Lakshman Kadirgamar, in Washington said that there can be no military solution to the Tamil Problem and hoped that Colombo and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) would cease hostilities and resume negotiations.

10 May:The Bush administration launched a major diplomatic offensive to sell its controversial National Missile Defence (NMD) plan to a sceptical Europe and Asia by sending a team of senior American diplomats led by the Deputy Defence Secretary, Mr. Paul Wolfowitz.

18 May:The United States named Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs, Ms. Paula Dobriansky, as its special coordinator for Tibet, making her the highest-ranked official ever to hold the post.

23 May:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, had his ``private meeting'' with the Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader, in the residential quarters of the White House.

2 June:In a startling revelation, the former U.S. President, Mr. Bill Clinton, said Pakistan ``withdrew its troops'' from Kargil at his insistence and it could be one of the reasons for the ouster of the former Pakistan Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, in a coup.

5 June:The U.S. Defence Secretary, Mr. Donald Rumsfeld, in Brussels on 5 June assured America's NATO partners that any efforts to realign U.S. defence strategies and resources towards Asia would not come at the expense of NATO alliance.

6 June:The former Chairman of the Congressional India Caucus, Mr. Gary Ackerman, asked all U.S. Congressmen to wear yellow armband and the slogan ``I am a Hindu'' on the day the Taliban edict against the Hindus in Afghanistan comes into force.

12 June:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, arrived in Madrid amid protests against his policies on climate change and the National Missile Defence (NMD) system.

14 June:By a vote of 420 to 0, the House of Representatives of the United States rejected the Taliban order forcing Hindus in Afghanistan to wear yellow cloth badges by way of religious identification.

16 June:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, and his Russian counterpart, Mr. Vladimir Putin, meeting in Slovenia discussed face to face the U.S. missile defence proposal that has created a chill between their countries.

21 June:The Bush administration said that it was ``distressed'' at the decision of Gen. Pervez Musharraf to declare himself as President of Pakistan.

3 July: The U.S. expressed concern at the weekend air-raids by the Sri Lanka Air Force in Jaffna peninsula and reiterated its support for a negotiated settlement to the island's conflict.

6 July:An American airman, suspected of raping a Japanese woman in Okinawa, was arrested by the Japanese police soon after the U.S. authorities handed him over on 6 July.

15 July:In what is seen as a major boost to the President, Mr. George W. Bush's plan for a National Missile Defence (NMD) system, the Pentagon announced that the first of a ``hit-to- kill'' technology of the Republican administration had its success over the Pacific. The Defence Department here confirmed that an interceptor soared into space from an atoll in the Pacific and destroyed its target 224 km above the surface of the Earth.

20 July:The House of Representatives of the United States Congress voted by a 259 to 169 margin to endorse normal trade relations with China.

22 July:After a two-hour meeting in Genoa, Italy, the U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, and the Russian President, Mr. Vladimir Putin, agreed to sustain and consolidate their cordial dialogue by agreeing to disagree. In a final press conference, each leader allowed himself to claim victory on the tense issues which link Mr. Bush's proposals of arms shield with Mr. Putin's strategy of arms cutbacks.

15 August:The Bush administration was guarded in its response to the announcement of the election timetable in Pakistan. While on the one hand the State Department welcomed the promise of the Pakistan President, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, to go ahead with elections in October 2002, Washington will like to know more details.

24 August:A high level U.S. delegation to China could not make sufficient progress on a clear pledge by Beijing to abide by the November 2000 commitment on limiting exports of missile technology.

1 September:In a major development, the United States imposed missile proliferation sanctions against the China Metallurgical Equipment Company (CMEC) for shipment of missile parts and technology to Pakistan. Sanctions were also imposed on Pakistan's National Development Complex (NDC).

7 September:With a view to bringing about ``some sanity'' to the tragic situation in Sudan, the U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, has appointed the former Senator from Missouri, Mr. John Danforth, as the special envoy to that African nation.

8 September:The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) said that China had supplied missile and related technology to Libya, Pakistan and North Korea. The semi-annual report of the CIA to Congress made the point that Russia and North Korea were major exporters of nuclear, chemical, biological weapons-related equipment and missile systems to rogue States and unstable regions of the world.

11 September:In one of the most horrifying attacks ever against the United States, terrorists crashed two airliners into the World Trade Center in New York in a deadly series of blows that brought down the twin 110-storey towers. A plane also slammed into the Defence Department in Washington D.C.

12 September:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, condemned terrorist attacks of 11 September in New York and Washington as ``acts of war'' and said he would ask Congress for money to help in the recovery and to protect the nation's security.

13 September:The President, Mr. George W. Bush, vowed that America would ``lead the world to victory'' over terrorism in a struggle he termed the first war of the 21st century.

13 September:In what appeared to be the preparation for a major military retaliation for the terrorist attacks of 11 September, the Defence Secretary, Mr. Donald Rumsfeld, called on troops to be prepared ``in the days ahead'' for the battle against terrorism.

14 September:The U.S. Senate gave its consent for the President to use force against those responsible for this week's terrorist attacks in New York and Washington. It earlier approved $40 billion in emergency aid to help the victims and hunt down the perpetrators of the attacks.

15 September:The U.S. Secretary of State, Gen.Colin Powell, confirmed that the Pakistan Government had agreed to ``all'' items of a specific list that had been put forward by the U.S. ``We've put before the Pakistan Government a specific list of things that we would like cooperation on, and they have agreed to all those items.”

21 September:Calling upon nations to join the war against terror the U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, vowed that justice would be meted out to those responsible for killing thousands last week in New York and Washington. Addressing the joint session of Congress, Mr. Bush once again demanded that Afghanistan hand over the Saudi dissident, Osama bin Laden, prime suspect in 11 September terror attacks, and be rid of terrorist outfits and operations.

22 September:The impending U.S.-led assault on terrorism would be targeted at terrorist actions anywhere in the world, including Jammu and Kashmir, the U.S. Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, said in an interview to the BBC.

23 September:The U.S. is offering a $25 million reward for information leading to the apprehension of wanted terrorist Osama bin Laden, according to the Secretary of State, Mr. Colin Powell.

24 September:The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam will continue to be in the list of Foreign Terrorist Organisations, in which it was included in 1996, the U.S. State Department has clarified.

28 September:The U.S special forces have been in Afghanistan for two weeks searching for Osama bin Laden, prime suspect in the 11 September attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the USA Today reported.

28 September:The U.N. Security Council approved a U.S.-sponsored resolution that mandated the 189 member nations to deny support and sanctuary to terrorists and their networks. The legally binding Resolution was adopted unanimously.

29 September:Recognising the important contribution of Pakistan in the showdown with the Taliban and Osama bin Laden, the U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, furnished $50 million to the country under the Foreign Assistance Act. Separately a Bill was introduced in the Senate seeking to authorise the sale of military goods and services to India and Pakistan, a move that is seen primarily benefiting Islamabad.

1 October: The United States President, Mr. George W. Bush, gave the go-ahead to a covert plan to strengthen the anti- Taliban forces inside Afghanistan.

2 October:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, said the creation of a Palestinian state had always been part of his country's vision for West Asia, but it was vital to first reduce the violence in the region.

5 October:Keeping in line with the existing political realities and in the context of America's war against terrorism, the U.S. Senate voted to waive temporarily all the remaining sanctions against Pakistan for two years. The lawmakers said that the Foreign Relations Committee has to be notified each time waivers are being exercised.

7 October:The Bush administration rejected a Taliban suggestion that the terrorist mastermind, Osama bin Laden, be detained and tried under Islamic law if the U.S. provided evidence of his hand in the 11 September attacks in New York and Washington.

7 October:The first American troops landed in Uzbekistan even as the Defence Secretary, Mr. Donald Rumsfeld, returned to Washington after a ``successful'' five-nation visit that took him to Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Oman, Uzbekistan and Turkey.

7 October:The United States and Britain launched major military strikes against ``carefully selected'' targets in Afghanistan.

18 October:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, ordered release of a $50 million grant for Pakistan, citing it as vital to the security interests of Washington. This, coupled with an assistance package announced last month, raised the total bilateral aid to $100 million.

29 October: The Bush administration refused to rule out the possibility of using nuclear weapons in its campaign against Afghanistan if the present military hardware is unable to flush out terrorists and their operational facilities from the underground tunnels and caves.

10 November:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, called on the United Nations to step up the campaign against terrorism. ``We are asking for a comprehensive commitment in this fight'', Mr. Bush remarked in his first-ever address to the General Assembly.

10 November:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, and the Pakistan President, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, agreed that India and Pakistan should resolve the Kashmir issue through diplomacy and dialogue in ``mutually acceptable ways’’ which take into account the wishes of the people of Kashmir. This was stated in a joint statement released at the end of their working dinner in New York.

15 November:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, and the Russian President, Mr. Vladimir Putin, failed to strike a deal on the issue of National Missile Defence, even as they hailed a new era of warm U.S-Russian cooperation. They held three days of casual summitry in Washington and on Mr. Bush's central Texas ranch.

6 December:The U.S. placed 39 alleged terrorist groups - including the Jaish-e-Mohammad and the Lashkar-e-Taiba - and affiliated businesses on a new visa blacklist aimed at plugging loopholes in previous regulations that allowed members of the organisations to legally enter the country.

7 December:The U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, celebrated victory over Afghanistan's defeated Taliban, saying ``Today they control not much more than a few caves,'' as he drew a parallel between 11 September and the Pearl Harbor attack exactly 60 years ago.

9 December:The US Secretary of State, Colin Powell, met the Kazakh President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, in Astana (Kazakhstan) during which both countries stressed their strategic partnership in fighting international terrorism but agreed to differ on the issue of pipeline routes to export Kazakh oil out to western markets.

13 December:The U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, served formal notice to Russia that Washington was withdrawing from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in order to deploy a National Missile Defence.

13 December:The United States released a videotape of Osama bin Laden apparently recounting plans for the 11 September attack on America and said his comments in Afghanistan were proof that the Saudi-born fugitive masterminded the devastating strikes.

26 December:The United States formally designated the Pakistan based militant outfits, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, as “Foreign Terrorist Organisations”.

Relations with India

25 January:The Bush administration welcomed the extension of ceasefire in Kashmir by the Indian Government and called on Pakistan to use its influence with the militant groups ``very soon'' to halt violence.

2 February:The Bush administration has lifted the ban on spares for Indian Sea King helicopters. The British manufacturers of the helicopters were prevented from exporting spare parts of American origin as part of the sanctions imposed in the aftermath of India's 1998 nuclear tests.

3 February:The Bush administration is committed to maintaining the ``momentum'' in consolidating Indo-U.S. relations, the American Defence Secretary, Mr. Donald Rumsfeld, said. Washington's intention in further strengthening the ties was conveyed by Mr. Rumsfeld to the National Security Adviser, Mr. Brajesh Mishra, at their meeting on 3 February on the margins of the ongoing 37th annual security conference at Munich.

12 February:The United States President, Mr. George W Bush, has written to the Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, expressing the hope that the two would ``foster a strong and mutually beneficial bilateral relationship.'' These sentiments were expressed in a letter, dated 7 February, delivered to the Prime Minister by the American Ambassador, Mr. Richard Celeste.

14 February:Mr. Sam Brownback, Republican Senator from Kansas again called for removal of sanctions against India and urged the Bush administration to forge a closer relationship between New Delhi and Washington.

27 February:India continues to produce and develop sophisticated nuclear weapons and relies on foreign entities for key missile and dual-use technologies, says a Central Intelligence Agency report. The agency, in its report submitted to the U.S. Congress, said there was evidence that New Delhi obtained foreign assistance for its civilian nuclear power programme during the first half of 2000, primarily from Russia.

24 March:The Bush administration would continue to build on the present momentum in relations with India, and was ready to expand ties in every area, the Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, told India's Ambassador, Mr. Lalit Mansingh, on 23 March when the latter presented his Letter of Credence.

5 April:Forty-seven U.S. lawmakers, Republicans and Democrats in the House of Representatives, wrote to the President, Mr. George Bush, saying that as the economic sanctions imposed on India three years ago have not served to advance American interests, they must be lifted.

6 April:The Minister for External Affairs, Mr. Jaswant Singh, arrived in Washington on 5 April for the start of the first high- level contacts between the United States and India under the new Republican administration.

6 April:In an indication of the importance the new administration bestows on relations with India, the U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, dropped by during a meeting between the External Affairs Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh, and the U.S. National Security Adviser, Ms. Condoleeza Rice, on 6 April. Mr. Bush took Mr. Singh to the Oval Office, where they spent a few minutes.

7 April:  Formal legislation was introduced in the House of Representatives calling for the lifting of sanctions against India and Pakistan, which were imposed in the wake of the Pokhran tests of 1998. The legislation was introduced by the Co- Chairs of the India Caucus, Mr. Jim McDermott and Mr. Ed Royce.

8 April:The visiting Minister for External Affairs and Defence, Mr. Jaswant Singh, and the U.S. Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, in addition to proliferation, trade and regional issues also discussed Indonesia, Sri Lanka and ``quite a lot of economics'' as it pertained to bilateral relations, the State Department spokesman, Mr. Richard Boucher said. He also said that the issue of sanctions and its effects were discussed in general terms.

1 May:India’s Finance Minister, Mr. Yashwant Sinha, expressed confidence that the United States will lift the economic sanctions against India ``as quickly as possible''. Mr. Sinha who was in Washington to attend the Spring Meetings of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, had a number of bilateral meetings with his counterparts from around the world, including the U.S. Treasury Secretary, Mr. Paul O'Neill.

2 May:India today welcomed the plans for the unilateral reduction of American nuclear forces announced by the President, Mr. George Bush, last night. The Indian Foreign Office, in a statement issued this evening, hailed Mr. Bush's proposals for deep cuts in nuclear arsenals as well as for building missile defences, as ``a significant and far- reaching'' effort to move away from the ``adversarial legacy of the Cold War''.

11 May:The U.S. special envoy, Mr. Richard Armitage, said in New Delhi that its proposals for missile defence were not directed at either Russia or China but ``rogue states'' which were acquiring weapons of mass destruction to terrorise and blackmail other nations.

11 May:The Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, welcomed the U.S. President, Mr. George Bush's initiative for steep reduction in nuclear arsenal but said India needed a credible minimum nuclear deterrent.

17 May:Foreign Office consultations between India and the United States got under way at the State Department on 17 May with the Foreign Secretary, Ms. Chokila Iyer, meeting the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, Mr. Marc Grossman.

17 May:The nominee for the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Ms. Christina Rocca said that the sanctions had outlived their usefulness and were an obstacle to engaging both India and Pakistan. Ms. Rocca appeared before the Senate Sub-Committee for Near East and South Asian Affairs for her confirmation hearings.

15 June:An attempt by international terrorist, Osama bin Laden, to blast the United States Embassy in New Delhi was foiled by the Special Cell of the Delhi Police in coordination with the Intelligence Bureau after the arrest of two suspected terrorists, including a Sudanese national, and recovery of high-intensity explosives.

20 June:The reciprocal visits last year of the President of the United States and the Prime Minister, along with the many understandings and agreements, have provided a new impulse to the broadening and deepening of relations between the U.S. and India in the 21st century, according to the Indian Ambassador to the U.S. Mr. Lalit Mansingh. Mr. Mansingh made these remarks in formally presenting his credentials at the White House.

27 June:The official interaction between India and the U.S. on terrorism and counter-terrorism during meetings of the Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism in Washington went ``very well'' with the two sides intently focussed on the dangers of terrorism, including cyber-terrorism and weapons of mass destruction.

28 June:The Leader of the Opposition and Congress president, Ms. Sonia Gandhi, met the U.S. Vice-President, Mr. Richard Cheney, on 28 June and had a broad exchange of views. The meeting at the White House was described as ``cordial and friendly''.

30 June:The Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister and National Security Adviser, Mr. Brajesh Mishra, held wide ranging discussions with senior members of the Bush administration including the Vice-President, Mr. Dick Cheney. Mr. Mishra, who was in Washington at the invitation of his counterpart, the President's National Security Adviser, Dr. Condoleeza Rice, is said to have covered substantive aspects of the bilateral relations in a comprehensive fashion.

1 July:The second meeting of the joint working group (JWG) on United Nations Peacekeeping Operations ended in Washington with both the U.S. and India expressing satisfaction at the progress made since the first meeting on closer consultations on peacekeeping issues.

12 July:The U.S. Senate Foreign Committee approved the appointment of Mr. Robert Blackwill as Ambassador to India along with 15 other diplomatic appointments.

19 July:The Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Ms. Christina Rocca, has expressed optimism that the Bush administration will get through the issue of sanctions against India, but cautioned that as far as Islamabad was concerned the punitive measures under Section 508 will have to remain in place until the President certified that `full' democracy has been restored in that country.

24 July:Calling the recent Agra summit a step forward in the relations between India and Pakistan, the Bush Administration on 24 July extended strong support to the continuation of the peace process in the subcontinent. The U.S. Assistant Secretary of State, Ms. Christina Rocca, in New Delhi on a three-day familiarisation tour, applauded the Indian decision to renew the engagement with Pakistan and sustain it in the coming months.

14 August:The U.S. State Department reiterated that the Bush administration ``was currently reviewing policy on South Asia sanctions'' and examining the broader use of sanctions as a diplomatic tool.

29 August:The sanctions against India have ``outlived their usefulness and may paradoxically be impeding non- proliferation efforts rather than aiding them,'' said Mr. Joseph Biden, Democrat Senator from Delaware, in a letter to the U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush.

3 September:The United States views India as a key partner for promoting stability in Asia and the world, but its relationship with New Delhi is not driven by security concerns about China, its Ambassador-designate, Mr. Robert D. Blackwill, said in New Delhi while addressing the Confederation of Indian Industries.

14 September:The U.S. appreciated India's ``exceptionally strong'' support for its decision to move in a firm manner against international terrorism. The U.S. Secretary of State, Mr. Colin Powell, conveyed this to the External Affairs Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh.

16 September:The U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, spoke to the Prime Minister, Mr. A.B. Vajpayee, over telephone and discussed with him the situation arising out of the terrorist strikes of 11 September in New York and Washington.

23 September:The Bush administration has lifted sanctions against India and Pakistan, imposed in the aftermath of the 1998 nuclear tests.

24 September: The White House has said that the lifting of sanctions against India and Pakistan does not signal that the United States will accept nuclear tests in return for support to the National Missile Defence plan.

25 September:The National Security Advisor and Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, Mr. Brajesh Mishra, who met senior Bush administration officials and law-makers in Washington, is said to have pointed out in a quiet but forthcoming way India's stand on terrorism.

28 September:An American military transport aircraft landed at the Palam Air Force base in New Delhi. The Hercules C-130 plane arrived at the Palam `permanent air base' of IAF at 12.30 p.m. from Paylebar near Singapore and left for an `undisclosed destination' three hours later.

2 October:The External Affairs and Defence Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh, during talks held with the U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, and the National Security Advisor, Dr. Condoleeza Rice, put forth the depth and width of India's understanding of terrorism, especially as it pertains to the subcontinent.

2 October:The United States substantially reduced the number of Indian companies in the list of entities which could not import items for dual purposes - industrial and defence - under curbs imposed following New Delhi's nuclear tests in 1998.

2 October: The U.S. President, Mr. George Bush, personally assured India that the U.S. campaign against terrorism was global and not uni-dimensional as seen through the prism of Osama bin Laden and the Al-Qaeda terror network. Mr. Bush conveyed this to the visiting External Affairs and Defence Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh.

12 October:India said it would be a matter of concern to New Delhi if the United States extends assistance to Pakistan from economic aid to arms supply for using facilities provided by Islamabad in war against Afghanistan's Taliban regime.

17 October:The U.S. State Department, in continuing to call for a dialogue between India and Pakistan for the resolution of the Kashmir issue, clarified that Washington was not pushing the idea of a separate or an independent Muslim state.

7 November:The Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, and his delegation arrived in Washington from Moscow for two days of discussions on a range of issues with terrorism heading the list.

8 November:The Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, said that while India did not desire to ``overload'' the agenda of the international coalition against terrorism, at the same time it needed to ensure ``that we do not tamely accept terrorist acts against us from across the borders''. He made these identical remarks while addressing the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House International Relations Committee in Washington.

9 November:The United States and India made common cause in the fight against all forms of international terrorism, but there was no immediate indication about how and when the two big democracies might, if at all, harmonise their separate strategic compulsions for this purpose. Both the U.S. President, Mr. George W. Bush, and the Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, in a brief media event after their latest summit, expressed their opposition to terrorism in all its political and other manifestations.

9 November:The Prime Minister, Mr. A. B. Vajpayee, reiterated in Washington that while there is no intention to complicate the current agenda of the U.S. in Afghanistan, India has a legitimate right to take whatever action it can to thwart and respond to terrorism. He said so in a written response to questions posed by the Washington Post editors.

10 November:The U.S. and India agreed to establish a ``new strategic framework dialogue'', expand cooperation in the scientific sector by suitably extending it to space-related engagement and to resume links in the sphere of civilian nuclear safety. An unspecified ``joint cyber-terrorism initiative'' was also agreed upon, raising visions of a functional network of bilateral strategic linkages. This, inter alia, was stated in the joint statement issued on the occasion of “official working visit” to the US by Mr. Vajpayee.

13 November:The Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, categorically ruled out in London the possibility of India striking a ``military alliance'' with the U.S. in a calibrated fashion or even as a quick deal at the moment.

13 December:The President of the United States, Mr. George Bush, and the Russian President, Mr. Vladimir Putin, spoke to the Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, this evening in the backdrop of the terrorist attack on Parliament House today.

16 December:The U.S. Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, virtually asked India to desist from military action against terrorist camps across the border following the attack on the Parliament House and cautioned that tension in Indo-Pak. relations had the potential of ``becoming very dangerous''.

18 December:The United States asserted that India has the right to self-defence and asked Pakistan to control terrorist activities in the country. ``India has a legitimate right to self-defence,'' the White House spokesman, Mr. Ari Fleischer, said.

22 December:The United States categorically asked Pakistan to take action against the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and other terrorist organisations operating from Pakistan, the White House press secretary, Mr. Ari Fleischer, said.

24 December:The United States cleared the sale of the $1 billion Israeli Phalcon early warning radar system to India.

28 December:The United States President, Mr. George W. Bush, asked India to take note of the Pakistan President, Gen. Pervez Musharraf’s announcement to arrest 50 terrorists and extremists. Praising Gen. Musharraf for responding ``forcefully and actively'' to the Indian request to crack down on terrorists, Mr. Bush said his administration was working actively to bring some calm to the region.

29 December: The Bush administration continued its telephone diplomacy with New Delhi and Islamabad with the U.S. Secretary of State, Gen. Colin Powell, speaking again to the Pakistan President, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, and the External Affairs Minister, Mr. Jaswant Singh, on 28 December. The U.S. Defence Secretary, Mr. Donald Rumsfeld, also had a talk with his Indian counterpart, Mr. George Fernandes. The essence of Gen. Powell's conversations was the need for de- escalation and to avoid any action that would raise tensions.

30 December:In his first personal call to the leaders of India and Pakistan to defuse the crisis in South Asia, the U.S. President, Mr.George W. Bush, called on the Pakistan President, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, to ``eliminate extremists who seek to harm India'', even while appreciating what has been done by him thus far.

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